Quick Info: What You Must Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Medically reviewed byRobyn Faye, M.D.

September is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) consciousness month.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is without doubt one of the most typical hormonal problems in girls. But, as much as 75% of people that have PCOS stay undiagnosed. We reached out to Robyn Faye, M.D., an OB-GYN with Abington-Jefferson Ladies’s Well being Care Group and a member of HealthyWomen’s Ladies’s Well being Advisory Council, to search out out what it’s best to find out about this situation.

  • PCOS is a hormonal dysfunction that impacts the ovaries. Folks with PCOS might have too many male hormone (androgen) ranges or different irregular lab outcomes, rare intervals, and/or enlarged ovaries which have small fluid-filled sacs, often known as follicles or cysts, on their periphery.
  • PCOS signs are completely different for everyone. Nonetheless, some frequent signs of PCOS are:
    • Irregular intervals
    • Extreme zits
    • Extra facial or physique hair development (fancy phrase for this: hirsutism)
    • Weight acquire
    • Insulin resistance (when your physique doesn’t reply to insulin, which regularly leads to excessive blood sugar ranges and might presumably result in diabetes)
    • Abnormally excessive ranges of insulin in your blood (referred to as hyperinsulinemia, if you wish to get technical)
    • PCOS could be recognized when an individual has not less than two of three telltale indicators:
      • Irregular blood check outcomes
      • Irregular intervals
      • “Ring of pearls” (ovaries with elevated cysts and quantity)
    • Clues from blood work {that a} HCP can use to find out if an individual has PCOS could be:
      • Excessive androgen ranges
      • Indicators of metabolic points comparable to extreme insulin in blood and excessive fasting ldl cholesterol, triglyceride or blood glucose ranges
  • We don’t know precisely what causes PCOS but, however consultants assume PCOS might be influenced by genetics and the surroundings.
  • There’s no remedy for PCOS, however there are various remedies which will assist to manage PCOS signs and hold it from getting worse. The therapy that’s best for you is determined by your particular wants. For instance:
    • Way of life modifications geared toward weight reduction, together with a low-calorie weight loss program and train program, are frequent suggestions for all PCOS sufferers. It is because weight reduction might assist PCOS get higher and assist keep off its attainable results in your metabolism.
    • Contraception tablets might help cut back androgen ranges and regulate an individual’s menstrual cycle.
    • Metformin, a typical Kind 2 diabetes treatment, might help enhance insulin resistance and decrease blood sugar ranges.
    • Spironolactone, which minimizes the impact of extra androgens on the pores and skin, might help with extreme zits attributable to PCOS.
  • Different circumstances that may be attributable to PCOS embody:

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